Migration-related gender differences in the role of mobile media and EU perceptions


Female migrants and refugees cannot be reduced to being passive companions to men. Rather they take on an active role in staying informed, finding creative ways of coping with unforeseen difficulties, and forging a better life for their children, all in the face of being at higher risk than men. When it comes to being informed, despite personal judgments of being well prepared and acquainted with the necessary information, many women come to realize their previous perceptions do not match up with reality. Overall, women’s perceptions of the EU are manifold, subjective, and relate to all aspects of society.

Key gender differences:

  • Female refugees especially value gender equality and cited it as an incentive for migrating to Europe, the topic appears to be less important to men;
  • No clear indication that only men take migration-related decisions and that women were less informed about the process;
  • Migration route: the aspect of safety on the route was particularly emphasized by women.
  • Immigration and asylum procedures: women mentioned more often than men that they were surprised by the long waiting periods and delays during immigration and asylum procedures;
  • Mobile media use: women used their smartphones less in their country of origin because they were able to see their family in person. They reported using Facebook more widely than men. However, women also reported distrusting social media and Facebook more often;
  • Safety and education for their children in Europe was a dominant topic among women.


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Migration-Related Risks Caused by Misconceptions of Opportunities and Requirement

MIRROR has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation action program under grant agreement No 832921.

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